A democratic government and mining-friendly government
Located in West Africa, Senegal has an estimated population of 14.1 million (2013) and a total area of approximately 197,000 km2. Dakar, the capital, is located on the most westerly point of Africa.
Senegal lies within the Sahel, the semi-desert, or Savannah region that forms a broad band across Africa between the Sahara desert to the north and the forested countries to the south. The landscape is generally low, rolling plains rising to foothills in the southeast. The climate is tropical, with a hot and humid wet season from May through to October.
Senegal gained its independence in 1960, following approximately 75 years of French rule. As a democratic republic governed under multi-party rule based on the French civil law system, many foreign embassies and international bank headquarters have chosen Senegal for their headquarters in West Africa.
Senegal’s economy is driven by mining, agriculture, fisheries, construction, and tourism. The country's keys export industries include phosphate mining, fertilizer production, agricultural products and commercial fishing.